If a New York-based group called the Temple of Satan gets its way, a statue of the Evil One would sit next to the recently erected 10 Commandments monument on state capitol grounds. »They said they wanted to be open to different monuments, » said Lucien Greaves, a spokesman for the Temple of Satan, « and this seems like a perfect place to put that to the test. »Greaves and some legal experts say the Constitution is clear: the government can’t endorse one particular religion. So, if a state capitol has a monument to one faith, it must allow monuments to others as well.The Temple of Satan is less a religious body organized around rituals and regular meetings than a roving band of political provocateurs, said Greaves. They believe Satan is a « literary construct, » the spokesman said, not an actual being with horns and hooves.
Last year, the Temple organized a gay and lesbian kiss-in at the gravesite of the mother of anti-gay preacher and activist the Rev. Fred Phelps. It also held a rally at Florida’s state capitol in support of a law that allows « inspirational messages » at public school assemblies. »It allows us to spread the message of Satanism, » which centers around respect for diversity and religious minorities, said Greaves.Oklahoma legislators voted to erect the Ten Commandments monument in 2009, using private funds donated by Rep. Mike Rietz, a surgeon and Southern Baptist deacon.Rietz declined to comment on the Satanists’ proposal on Monday, citing an separate and ongoing dispute with the American Civil Liberties Union over the Ten Commandments monument.Oklahoma state Rep. Bob Cleveland told CNN that he’s not in favor of the Satanist’s proposed statue. »I believe that only monuments that reflect Oklahoma values should be allowed on capitol the capitol grounds, » Cleveland said in an e-mail on Monday.
But if Christians and Jews can have their monument to the 10 Commandments, then Satanists must be allowed to erect their own statue, said Brady Henderson, legal director of the American Civil Liberty Union’s Oklahoma chapter. »We feel like the Satanic Temple has a very strong argument to say that, if the state allows one religious monument, you have to allow others, » Henderson said.Oklahoma’s statehouse grounds already has monuments honoring its heritage and Native American history, said Trait Thompson, chair of the Capitol Preservation Commission. »Individuals and groups are free to apply to place a monument or statue or artwork, » Thompson said.The commission then determines whether the proposal abides by its standards and votes on whether to approve it.Greaves said he’s received the required forms from Oklahoma’s Capitol Preservation Commission and is working on a design that will meet its standards.